## Early Math EducationMarch 18, 2013 My first remembrance of mathematics is from first grade. I had spent kindergarten in one school, and I had transferred into another for first grade. The teacher was concerned that I didn't write the digit, two, properly, since I wrote it as it now appears in nearly every typeface, as2.
t and eleven was encoded as e, quite unlike the conventional case of using a and b.
• Numbers represent different magnitudes (e.g., 3 > 2).The seventh grade testing was performed with 180 students who took timed tests on basic math skills that adults should have; namely, multiple-digit addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems; comparisons and computations with fractions; and word problems. There were also veiled algebra problems, such as the number of coins needed to make change in a purchase. Fraction problems involved things such as doubling of cooking recipes, or finding the center of a wall.[2] Low numeracy scores in first grade were a predictor of low scores on the seventh grade test. Other assessments showed that the difference in numeracy between high and low performers was not related to intelligence, language skills or the method students used to make their computations.[2]
"An early grasp of quantities and numbers appears to be the foundation on which we build more complex understandings of numbers and calculations... These findings are especially valuable for bringing attention to the idea that numeracy early in life has profound effects not only for the individual, but also for the society that individual works and lives in."[2] ## References:- D.C. Geary, M.K. Hoard, L. Nugent, and D.H. Bailey, "Adolescents' Functional Numeracy Is Predicted by Their School Entry Number System Knowledge," PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 1 (January 30, 2013), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054651.
- First grade math skills set foundation for later math ability, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Press Release, February 27, 2013.
Linked Keywords: Mathematics; first grade; kindergarten; Grammar school; teacher; numerical digit; number two; typeface; penmanship; student; blackboard; Google image search; New Math; seventh grade; Sputnik 1; science; scientist; mathematician; United States; US; computer; radix; number base; Boolean algebra; decimal; base-10; duodecimal; base-12; number ten; number eleven; mathematical joke; computer scientist; physics; ordinal number; cardinal number; Sesame Street; Count von Count; vampire; daylight hours; psychologist; University of Missouri; Columbia, Missouri; Carnegie Mellon University; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; National Institutes of Health; adult; elementary school; addition; subtraction; multiplication; division; fraction; word problem; algebra; coin; cooking recipe; center; Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale; intelligence; language; quartile; Creative Commons Attribution License; Kathy Mann Koepke; PLoS ONE. |
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